Worldwide, there are over 500 grape varieties of which wine is produced from. Grape varieties and their own distinctive properties are the most important flavour characteristics from which you can recognise a wine. The aromas and flavours of different grape varieties forms a wine to what it is. You could be charmed by a wine and characteristics of a grape variety or quiver because it doesn’t suit your pallet.
We will describe numerous grape varieties as a guide line for you. Whenever you’re in a supermarket and indecisive about what kind of wine to purchase, think of this guide line and let it help you in the decision making process.
Cabernet Sauvignon is planted almost everywhere in Europe. As a late-growing grape variety, the Cabernet Sauvignon acclimates perfectly in warmer climates, delivering quality wine in France, California, Australia, South Africa, Chile, Italy and Spain. It is one of the best known and most cultivated red wine grape variety. In the Bordeaux region and especially the Médoc region, it is the most important grape for the production of red wine. The cabernet sauvignon can flourish on many soil types, except on very fertile soils, where growth is too strong.
The cabernet sauvignon is a small dull dark blue grape with a thick peel and very aromatic juice. The grape is resistant to winter frost. Only in spring, night frost can damage the grape. The resistance to diseases is high, the cabernet sauvignon is only susceptible to mildew. It has a long grow season, so the vineyards need to be planted in a slightly warmer place. The harvest is generally low and the harvest period is fairly late, from mid-October and later.
The cabernet sauvignon grape generally produces very good and tannin rich red wines, which can be stored for a long time. During this storage period, the red wine will continue to develop inside the bottle and will change of flavour pallet. Cabernet Sauvignon is known for its strength and deep colour, with many tannins. It can mature for a long time and then achieve a high level of complexity. The flavour often displays cassis and cherries combined with a pleasant spice.