Grape varieties: Merlot


Worldwide, there are over 500 grape varieties of which wine is produced from. Grape varieties and their own distinctive properties are the most important flavour characteristics from which you can recognise a wine. The aromas and flavours of different grape varieties forms a wine to what it is. You could be charmed by a wine and characteristics of a grape variety or quiver because it doesn’t suit your pallet.


We will describe numerous grape varieties as a guide line for you. Whenever you’re in a supermarket and indecisive about what kind of wine to purchase, think of this guide line and let it help you in the decision making process.


The Merlot grape belongs to the classic grapes of which red wine is produced from in Bordeaux and it’s the most important grape in Saint-Emilion and Pomerol. Merlot was first mentioned in 1784 as one of the superior varieties in the region of Libourne. The name is supposedly derived from the French word merle (blackbird). Merlot grape planting has increased significantly in recent years. Worldwide, Merlot is very popular and wanted for the production of red wine. Merlot is to be grown in a fairly cool vineyard, this ensures a deliciously fruity and intense flavour. Merlot is often blended with the Cabernet Sauvignon grape, but is more and more used as an independent grape variety. The characteristics of a Merlot wine are; soft, spicy, fruity, black berries, plums, mulberry, blackberry, chocolate, truffles and tobacco.

Merlot adds a certain softness to red wine and ensures that the wine develops quicker and is ready to be drunk earlier. In Bordeaux and especially in Saint Emilion and Pomerol, a red wine is mainly produced from Merlot. Because of it low acidity level, the red wine of Merlot can easily be used as a table grape.

Merlot is a productive, early matured, fruity dark blue grape variety. The juice is lush, fruity and can be either sultry or almost sweet. The grape doesn’t have a too thick skin and has relatively high sugar level.